What Is the Difference Between a Signature Loan and a Short-term Loan?

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BREAKING DOWN 'Unsecured Loan'

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A signature loan is a personal loan offered by banks and other finance companies that uses only the borrower's signature and promise to pay as collateral. Signature Loans vs. Unsecured Term Loans. With a Signature loan proof of income is usually required and it is a factor in determining the amount of loan approved. Signature Loans vs. Title Loans Signature Loans. What Is the Difference Between a Signature Loan and a Short-term Loan? cash advance and payday loan companies automatically draft the loan balance from your account on the due date. Even.

Obtaining a Loan

BREAKING DOWN 'Signature Loan'

Signature loans and short-term loans carry certain similar characteristics; neither type of loan requires collateral and they both feature short repayment terms. However, there are key differences between the two. Financial institutions, such as banks and credit unions, issue signature loans. You can apply for a loan in-person or submit an application via your bank's online website.

If approved for a signature loan, visit the bank to sign your documents and obtain your funds. Short-term loans, also known as payday loans or cash advances, aren't issued by banks and credit unions.

These loans are available from private loan companies. You can apply for a short-term loan with a local company or submit an online application. Loan companies operate differently from banks. If you submit an online application for a short-term loan, the loan company conducts the entire transaction via the Internet and fax.

You supply your information, such as copies of your most recent paycheck stub, bank statement and driver's license. After verifying your information and receiving your electronic signature, the loan company deposits funds into your bank account. If applying for a signature loan, expect the bank or credit union to run your credit report and order your credit score.

Signature loans do not require collateral. For this reason, these types of loans are harder to obtain. You need an excellent credit score and credit history. The lender may require a credit score of or higher, and if you have any late payments or other negative information on your credit report, this can affect your approval. Credit isn't a factor when applying for a short-term loan.

In some cases, the lender may require a co-signer on the loan, but the co-signer only signs a promissory note and is only called upon in the event the original lender defaults on his payments. Signature loans are a type of unsecured term loan. Unsecured refers to the fact these loans are not secured by collateral like home mortgages and car loans.

Term means the loan is paid off in a set period of time, usually in equal monthly installments throughout the term. Once a signature loan is repaid, the account is considered closed, and if the borrower wants to spend more funds, he needs to apply for a new loan.

In contrast, if he had a revolving account such as a credit card or a line of credit, he could repay the loan and spend the money repeatedly until he or the lender closes the line of credit. Borrowers use signature loans for a range of purposes including home improvements, unexpected expenses, medical bills and vacations, as well as other large expenditures.

Some borrowers also use signature loans to consolidate other debts. Then, as he repays the signature loan, he ends up spending less on interest and saves money in the long run. Alternative lenders, such as payday lenders or companies who offer merchant cash advances , do not offer secured loans in the traditional sense of the phrase. Their loans are not secured by tangible collateral as mortgages and car loans are. However, these lenders take other measures to secure repayment.

In particular, payday lenders have borrowers give them a postdated check or agree to an automatic withdrawal from their checking accounts to repay the loan. Many online merchant cash advance lenders require the borrower to pay a certain percentage of online sales through a payment processing service such as PayPal. As a result, these loans are considered unsecured; although they are partially secured.

If a borrower defaults on a secured loan, the lender can repossess the collateral to recoup his losses. In contrast, if a borrower defaults on an unsecured loan, the lender cannot claim property. However, the lender can take other actions, such as commissioning a collection agency to collect the debt or taking the borrower to court.

If the court rules in the lender's favor, the borrower's wages may be garnished, a lien may be placed on the borrower's home, or the borrower may be otherwise ordered to pay the debt. A permanent, long-term loan used to pay off a short-term construction A loan register lists when the loans are due, recorded in chronological Before you take money from your nest egg, consider these 10 other ways to borrow in retirement.